List of Hreflang Country and Language Codes & Frequent Errors

Hreflang Codes Values

I have put together a list of codes (values) which you can use for creating Hreflang header attributes for your multi-lingual or multi-regional website.

arrowSelect Language or Country Codes in the tabs below

Language Codes

Language Hreflang Code
Abkhazian ab
Afrikaans af
Aragonese an
Arabic ar
Assamese as
Azerbaijani az
Belarusian be
Bulgarian bg
Bengali bn
Tibetan bo
Breton br
Bosnian bs
Catalan / Valencian ca
Chechen ce
Corsican co
Czech cs
Church Slavic cu
Welsh cy
Danish da
German de
Greek el
English en
Esperanto eo
Spanish / Castilian es
Estonian et
Basque eu
Persian fa
Finnish fi
Fijian fj
Faroese fo
French fr
Western Frisian fy
Irish ga
Gaelic / Scottish Gaelic gd
Galician gl
Manx gv
Hebrew he
Hindi hi
Croatian hr
Haitian; Haitian Creole ht
Hungarian hu
Armenian hy
Indonesian id
Icelandic is
Italian it
Japanese ja
Javanese jv
Georgian ka
Kongo kg
Korean ko
Kurdish ku
Cornish kw
Kirghiz ky
Latin la
Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch lb
Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish li
Lingala ln
Lithuanian lt
Latvian lv
Malagasy mg
Macedonian mk
Mongolian mn
Moldavian mo
Malay ms
Maltese mt
Burmese my
Norwegian (Bokmål) nb
Nepali ne
Dutch nl
Norwegian (Nynorsk) nn
Norwegian no
Occitan (post 1500); Provençal oc
Polish pl
Portuguese pt
Raeto-Romance rm
Romanian ro
Russian ru
Sardinian sc
Northern Sami se
Slovak sk
Slovenian sl
Somali so
Albanian sq
Serbian sr
Swedish sv
Swahili sw
Turkmen tk
Turkish tr
Tahitian ty
Ukrainian uk
Urdu ur
Uzbek uz
Vietnamese vi
Volapük vo
Yiddish yi
Chinese (simplified) zh-hans
Thai th

Country Codes

Country Hreflang Code
Afghanistan AF
Aland Islands AX
Albania AL
Algeria DZ
American Samoa AS
Andorra AD
Angola AO
Anguilla AI
Antarctica AQ
Antigua and Barbuda AG
Argentina AR
Armenia AM
Aruba AW
Australia AU
Austria AT
Azerbaijan AZ
Bahamas BS
Bahrain BH
Bangladesh BD
Barbados BB
Belarus BY
Belgium BE
Belize BZ
Benin BJ
Bermuda BM
Bhutan BT
Bolivia, Plurinational State of BO
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ
Bosnia and Herzegovina BA
Botswana BW
Bouvet Island BV
Brazil BR
British Indian Ocean Territory IO
Brunei Darussalam BN
Bulgaria BG
Burkina Faso BF
Burundi BI
Cambodia KH
Cameroon CM
Canada CA
Cape Verde CV
Cayman Islands KY
Central African Republic CF
Chad TD
Chile CL
China CN
Christmas Island CX
Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC
Colombia CO
Comoros KM
Congo CG
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the CD
Cook Islands CK
Costa Rica CR
Côte d’Ivoire CI
Croatia HR
Cuba CU
Curaçao CW
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Denmark DK
Djibouti DJ
Dominica DM
Dominican Republic DO
Ecuador EC
Egypt EG
El Salvador SV
Equatorial Guinea GQ
Eritrea ER
Estonia EE
Ethiopia ET
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK
Faroe Islands FO
Fiji FJ
Finland FI
France FR
French Guiana GF
French Polynesia PF
French Southern Territories TF
Gabon GA
Gambia GM
Georgia GE
Germany DE
Ghana GH
Gibraltar GI
Greece GR
Greenland GL
Grenada GD
Guadeloupe GP
Guam GU
Guatemala GT
Guernsey GG
Guinea GN
Guinea-Bissau GW
Guyana GY
Haiti HT
Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM
Holy See (Vatican City State) VA
Honduras HN
Hong Kong HK
Hungary HU
Iceland IS
India IN
Indonesia ID
Iran, Islamic Republic of IR
Iraq IQ
Ireland IE
Isle of Man IM
Israel IL
Italy IT
Jamaica JM
Japan JP
Jersey JE
Jordan JO
Kazakhstan KZ
Kenya KE
Kiribati KI
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of KP
Korea, Republic of KR
Kuwait KW
Kyrgyzstan KG
Lao People’s Democratic Republic LA
Latvia LV
Lebanon LB
Lesotho LS
Liberia LR
Libya LY
Liechtenstein LI
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg LU
Macao MO
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of MK
Madagascar MG
Malawi MW
Malaysia MY
Maldives MV
Mali ML
Malta MT
Marshall Islands MH
Martinique MQ
Mauritania MR
Mauritius MU
Mayotte YT
Mexico MX
Micronesia, Federated States of FM
Moldova, Republic of MD
Monaco MC
Mongolia MN
Montenegro ME
Montserrat MS
Morocco MA
Mozambique MZ
Myanmar MM
Namibia NA
Nauru NR
Nepal NP
Netherlands NL
New Caledonia NC
New Zealand NZ
Nicaragua NI
Niger NE
Nigeria NG
Niue NU
Norfolk Island NF
Northern Mariana Islands MP
Norway NO
Oman OM
Pakistan PK
Palau PW
Palestine, State of PS
Panama PA
Papua New Guinea PG
Paraguay PY
Peru PE
Philippines PH
Pitcairn PN
Poland PL
Portugal PT
Puerto Rico PR
Qatar QA
Réunion RE
Romania RO
Russian Federation RU
Rwanda RW
Saint Barthélemy BL
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH
Saint Kitts and Nevis KN
Saint Lucia LC
Saint Martin (French part) MF
Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC
Samoa WS
San Marino SM
Sao Tome and Principe ST
Saudi Arabia SA
Senegal SN
Serbia RS
Seychelles SC
Sierra Leone SL
Singapore SG
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX
Slovakia SK
Slovenia SI
Solomon Islands SB
Somalia SO
South Africa ZA
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS
South Sudan SS
Spain ES
Sri Lanka LK
Sudan SD
Suriname SR
Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ
Swaziland SZ
Sweden SE
Switzerland CH
Syrian Arab Republic SY
Taiwan, Province of China TW
Tajikistan TJ
Tanzania, United Republic of TZ
Thailand TH
Timor-Leste TL
Togo TG
Tokelau TK
Tonga TO
Trinidad and Tobago TT
Tunisia TN
Turkey TR
Turkmenistan TM
Turks and Caicos Islands TC
Tuvalu TV
Uganda UG
Ukraine UA
United Arab Emirates AE
United Kingdom GB
United States US
United States Minor Outlying Islands UM
Uruguay UY
Uzbekistan UZ
Vanuatu VU
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of VE
Viet Nam VN
Virgin Islands, British VG
Virgin Islands, U.S. VI
Wallis and Futuna WF
Western Sahara EH
Yemen YE
Zambia ZM
Zimbabwe ZW

Special Cases

Europe

Europe or EU is not a country, so it’s not in the list of countries. You can either target European users using language targeting only (e.g. English/EN) or target individual countries in Europe (e.g. en-GB). There should be, however, one website version per targeting.

UK / Great Britain

Country code for the UK is not "UK" as it stands for Ukraine. Correct country code for the UK is "GB".

ES-ES

This language-country code targets Spanish speaking users in Spain. If you want to target Spanish speakers worldwide, just use the language code "es" solely.

AR-AR

This targets Arabic speakers in Argentina. If you want to target Arabic speakers worldwide, just use the sole language code "ar". If you target Arabic speakers in Saudi Arabia, you need to use this code: "ar-SA".

 

Hreflang Header Code Generator

Here’s how to use the Hreflang Generator tool:

  1. Go to the URL address of the file
  2. File > Make a Copy
  3. Save to your Drive and here you go.

 

Frequent Errors

  1. Putting Country code before Language code – should be other way round
  2. Using a dash (–) instead of a hyphen (-)
  3. Using wrong quotation marks (“ ”) instead of (" ")
  4. Using a relative URL e.g. /usa/ instead of showing a full URL
  5. Using country code only: language code is mandatory, country code is optional

 

Hreflang Q&A

Are Hreflang values case sensitive?

Capitalization (lowercase vs. uppercase) does not matter, however it is recommended by ISO 3166 convention that language codes are lowercase and country codes are uppercase.

Do I need to implement Hreflang attributes site-wide?

Yes. For each equivalent page including the source page, there should be an Hreflang tag implemented. You can also use a Hreflang sitemap if there are too many versions.

Does it matter which order the attributes are in?

No.

  • Bio
  • Latest Posts
Martin Kura on TwitterMartin Kura on LinkedInMartin Kura on Goolge+

Martin Kůra

Martin a.k.a. @HermanTinkura helps international and local companies enter new markets by creating a vast multi-cultural SEO strategy. Martin writes for SEMrush and likes to explore different cultures of the world, which is his favorite part of his work.

Share This